Cape Verde - Political System

Cabo Verde has a democratic system of government. The Movement for Democracy, MPD, won in December of last year's legislative election 59% of the votes and 51 seats at the Assembleia Nacional (parliament). The African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde, PAICV, won 21% of the votes and 20 seats. The Party of the Democratic Convergence, PCD, won 6% of the votes and 1 seat. Both the Independent and Democratic Capeverdean Association, UCID, and the Social Democratic Party, PSD, got 1% of the votes and no parliamentarian seats.

Cabo Verde's constitution provides for a parliamentary political system. The National Assembly of 72 deputies holds legislative power. The Deputies are voted into office for terms of 5 years. The President appoints the Prime Minister among members of the party The party with the majority of seats nominates the prime minister to be officially appointed as such by the President of the republic after consultations with all the political forces represented in the parliament. In the nationwide legislative elections of 1990, voters chose 56 deputies affiliated with MPD and 23 affiliated with PAICV. In the 1995 nationwide elections MpD won 51 seats with 59% of the vote, PAICV won 20 seats with 21% of the votes, PCD got 1 set with 6% of the votes and UCID and PSD did not win any seats and each won only 1% of the votes cast. Carlos Veiga was appointed for a second mandate as Prime Minister.

The President of Cape Verde is the Head of State. He appoints the cabinet (Council of Ministers). Antonio Mascarenhas Monteiro, who was reelected President last February, has served the country in this capacity since 1991 when the country had its first multiparty and democratic elections.

The right of opposition and of the freedom of expression are warranted by the constitution and by other laws of the Republic.

As provided in the country's constitution, ratified September 25, 1992, the assembly determines fundamental internal and external policies. Within this framework, specialized permanent committees have been established with the main role of seeking and gathering technical views from outside experts.

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Cape Verde Government Page