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Campus Gardens

Carpinus betulus
European hornbeam
Family: Betulaceae

European hornbeam is a deciduous tree growing approximately 60' feet tall. The architecture is a very full and dense pyramidal shape. Leaves are about 4"long and are shaped like elongated ovals that come to a sharp point and have serrated edges. Summer foliage is dark green and autumn foliage is yellow-orange. The flowers are white but are not showy and have no ornamental significance. The bark is smooth and gray. European hornbeam tolerates drought or dry conditions but grows best in sandy or loam soil that is moist. European hornbeam can be pruned to be used as a hedge plant or is also used as a bonsai. It is also used in parking lot islands and highways as a buffer. It is native to Europe. Hardy in zones 4-7.European hornbeam can be found at the end of the Dion building.

Beth Enko

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