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Evergreen, very variable shrub or small tree, 15 ft. tall and 12 ft. across. Usually with ovate to elliptic, minutely scalloped, glossy, dark green leaves 1/2- 1' in. long, often pitted beneath. Produces glossy black, sometimes white or yellow fruit, 1/2 in. across. Grow in moist but well drained, moderately fertile, humus-rich soil in full sun or partial shade. Prune in early spring. Grow in woodland garden or as specimen trees. Hardy in zones 5-7.
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